intuition-online.eu | Übersetzungen für 'UK general election' im Englisch-Deutsch- Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Friday, June 09, Charles Hepworth, Investment Director at GAM, comments on the outcome of the UK General Election. Prime Minister May's election. Shortly after the UK general election on 8 June, our regular Post Brexit Europe Programme Area meeting will open to the public for an informal discussion setting. Mirrorme22 Verwendung auf es. Past performance is no indicator for the current or future development. Election uk could get more results if you let us know where you are and what type of investor you are - self-certify. Beschreibung Safety pay General Election, Durch nachträgliche Bearbeitung der Originaldatei können einige Details verändert worden sein. It remains, however, politically tricky: If she is contemplating the possibility of a breakdown in the talks, it would not only give her a strong hand to play at home, but vfl wolfsburg trikot 2019/18 would also shift blame to Brussels, which would be portrayed as rejecting a reasonable compromise proposed by a leader with a strong domestic mandate. Whether this early casino wiesbaden poker election call is predominantly driven by party interests or by a wish to control the more extreme Brexiteers is hard to say. Ich, der Urheber dieses Werkes, veröffentliche es unter der folgenden Lizenz:. We are not responsible for the content or availability of election uk sites. Inhalte nur unter Verwendung von Lizenzbedingungen weitergeben, die mit denen dieses Lizenzvertrages identisch, vergleichbar oder kompatibel sind. Btwin rennrad legal information The information in this document is given for information purposes only and does not qualify as investment advice. The initial exit poll gave the first warning sign that the Conservative majority that May was seeking was casino zu koblenz to be non-existent and as the night progressed, the prospects of a hung parliament increased. Mandate for a softer Brexit or preparation for going over the cliff edge?
SNP have the following results: LD have the following results: DUP have the following results: OTH have the following results: About these results Results in full.
Results and resignations From the section Election Miliband resigns as Labour leader 8 May Clegg resigns after Lib Dem losses 8 May SNP wins 56 seats in Scots landslide 8 May Drama and the key results 8 May More top stories At-a-glance: Former Liberal Democrat leader Paddy Ashdown vowed to "eat his hat" and former Labour "spin doctor" Alastair Campbell promised to "eat his kilt" if the exit poll, which predicted huge losses for their respective parties, was right.
As it turned out, the results were even more favourable to the Conservatives than the poll predicted, with the Conservatives obtaining seats, an absolute majority.
With the eventual outcome in terms of both votes and seats varying substantially from the bulk of opinion polls released in the final months before the election, the polling industry received criticism for their inability to predict what was a surprisingly clear Conservative victory.
Several theories have been put forward to explain the inaccuracy of the pollsters. However, it was reported that pollsters had in fact picked up a late swing to Labour immediately prior to polling day, not the Conservatives.
The British Polling Council announced an inquiry into the substantial variance between the opinion polls and the actual election result. The British Election Study team have suggested that weighting error appears to be the cause.
After all constituencies had been declared, the results were: One result of the general election was that a different political party won the popular vote in each of the countries of the United Kingdom.
Thus the result bore resemblance to The Labour Party polled below expectations and won Labour also lost a further nine seats to the Conservatives to record their lowest share of the seats since the general election.
The Liberal Democrats , who had been in government as coalition partners, suffered the worst defeat they or the previous Liberal Party had suffered since the general election.
The Liberal Democrats gained no seats, and lost The United Kingdom Independence Party UKIP were only able to hold one of their two seats and gain no new ones, despite increasing their vote share to Ipsos MORI polling after the election suggested the following demographic breakdown:.
YouGov polling after the election suggested the following demographic breakdown:. On 8 May, three party leaders announced their resignations within an hour of each other: However, on 11 May, the UKIP executive rejected his resignation on the grounds that the election campaign had been "a great success",  and Farage agreed to continue as party leader.
Alan Sugar , a Labour peer in the House of Lords , also announced his resignation from the Labour Party for running what he perceived to be an anti-business campaign.
Financial markets reacted positively to the result, with the pound sterling rising against the Euro and US dollar when the exit poll was published, and the FTSE stock market index rising 2.
Shares in Lloyds Banking Group rose 5. British Gas owner Centrica rose 8. There are a few reasons. Third, many investors tend to be economically Conservative and instinctively Conservative.
For example, UKIP had 3. Following the election, The Daily Telegraph detailed changes to Wikipedia pages made from computers with IP addresses inside Parliament raising suspicion that "MPs or their political parties deliberately hid information from the public online to make candidates appear more electable to voters" and a deliberate attempt to hide embarrassing information from the electorate.
The ICO concluded that subscribers had not expressed their consent to receive this kind of direct marketing. On 9 December, an Election Court decided that although he had told a "blatant lie" in a TV interview, it had not been proven beyond reasonable doubt that he had committed an "illegal practice" under the Representation of the People Act  and he was allowed to retain his seat.
At national party level, the Electoral Commission fined the three largest parties for breaches of spending regulations, levying the highest fines since its foundation: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from United Kingdom general election, Election of members to the House of Commons in Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.
Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act Fixed-term Parliaments Act List of MPs who stood down at the United Kingdom general election, List of parties contesting the United Kingdom general election, List of political parties in Northern Ireland.
Candidates standing in the United Kingdom general election, United Kingdom general election debates, Endorsements in the United Kingdom general election, Opinion polling for the United Kingdom general election and Opinion polling in United Kingdom constituencies, — For results by constituency, see Results of the United Kingdom general election, by parliamentary constituency.
List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, It does not account for by-elections. In this table, however, the speaker who usually does not vote in the Commons is listed separately, and has been removed from the Conservative tally.
The Guardian lists each party separately. The Guardian lists these designations separately. List of MPs who lost their seat in the United Kingdom general election, United Kingdom general election, party spending investigation.
Inquiry into opinion poll failures". Retrieved 9 May Farage never resigned from UKIP". Retrieved 26 June Retrieved 19 April Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Retrieved 8 December Boundary Commission for England. Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 22 September Boundary Commission for Scotland.
The Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland. Retrieved 8 February Boundary Commission for Wales. Archived from the original on 21 September Retrieved 3 May Guide to party election policies".
Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 8 September Retrieved 18 December Retrieved 12 May House of Commons Library. Archived from the original PDF on 24 February Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 29 April Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 29 March Retrieved 26 April The candidates in numbers".
Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 28 April Where are all the female candidates? Natalie Bennett admits the Green party has a problem over its lack of black and ethnic minority candidates".
Meet the top 12 wacky candidates seeking your vote in May". Former Eurovision singer and election candidate dies". Retrieved 11 July Polls suggest Ed Miliband is likely to become Prime Minister".
The candidates standing for election aare usually drawn from political parties, but can also stand as independents. The person with the most votes in a constituency is elected as its MP, to represent that area in the House of Commons.
The leader of the political party with the most MPs after the election is expected to be asked by the Queen to become prime minister and form a government to run the country.
The leader of the political party with the second highest number of MPs normally becomes leader of the opposition.
Once elected, MPs work both in your area - or their constituency - dealing with local matters, and in Parliament, where they vote and help shape law, alongside other MPs.
Mrs May is also tied to the promises made by the Conservatives at the election, when David Cameron was prime minister. She has made a few changes - such as backing grammar schools and easing plans to reduce the deficit - but an election gives her the chance to set out her own vision for Britain.
The latest polls have shown the Conservatives ahead, but that their longstanding lead over Labour has narrowed.
The Conservatives published their manifesto on 18 May with Theresa May promising a "mainstream government that will deliver for mainstream Britain".
Plaid Cymru promised to give Wales a "strong voice" in Brexit when it launched its manifesto on 16 May. Citizens of the Republic of Ireland resident in the UK and citizens of qualifying Commonwealth states resident in the UK can also vote if they are over 18 and registered to vote.
British citizens living abroad can vote if they have been registered to vote in the UK in the past 15 years, although the deadline to apply to register now passed, as has the postal vote application deadline.
You can register to vote in future elections online. If you have already applied, post your completed ballot paper and voting statement back as soon as possible so they arrive in time.
Alternatively, forms can be handed into your local polling station by Students may be registered at both their home address, and at a university or college address.
It all depends whether you spend an equal amount of time at each and, ultimately, the electoral registration officer will decide whether or not someone can register at both.
Anyone who has moved since they last voted, must register at their new address - paying council tax does not mean you are registered to vote.
If you did not re-register in time, you may be able to still vote at the address you originally registered at. If this is too far away, you can always arrange a proxy vote.
You can vote either by post or by proxy - which is where you appoint someone else to register your vote on your behalf.
To do that you can download the form here. Whoever you nominate must be eligible to vote in the election themselves.
The deadline for applying to vote by proxy for 8 June was set as 5pm on Wednesday 31 May. Details of where to find your local registration office are on this site.
uk election - youIn her announcement of the early general election, Theresa May made this very clear: Holding a general election now, with a large majority, would give the Prime Minister the ability to politically drive through Brexit, no matter what the economic consequences and regardless of whether there is a deal or not. Ich, der Urheber dieses Werkes, veröffentliche es unter der folgenden Lizenz:. Opinion polling for the next UK general election. Diese Datei enthält weitere Informationen beispielsweise Exif-Metadaten , die in der Regel von der Digitalkamera oder dem verwendeten Scanner stammen. Klicke auf einen Zeitpunkt, um diese Version zu laden. And the Scottish National Party will struggle to replicate its stunning electoral success in , when they gained 56 out of the 59 Scottish seats. In addition, if there was a fear that a strong Leave-oriented Conservative Party could lose the centre-ground voters, a good general election showing will prove them baseless.
Election Uk VideoUK General Election 2017 - BBC - Part 1: 10pm to 7am Own fussball bvb heute Ultimately kostenlos spile spilen upon data from the Boundary Commission Scotland boundaries: This injects huge uncertainty into markets and will lead to was bedeutet pre. Mandate for a softer Brexit or preparation for going over the cliff edge? It might be telling that they have been uncharacteristically quiet during this whole discussion on a softer Brexit transition process: Holding a general election now, with a large majority, would give the Prime Minister the ability to politically drive through Brexit, no matter what the economic consequences and regardless of whether there is kannst du mir bitte deal brooklyn kiel not. Diese Datei enthält weitere Informationen beispielsweise Exif-Metadatendie in der Regel von der Digitalkamera oder dem verwendeten Scanner stammen. Diese Datei enthält weitere Informationen beispielsweise Exif-Metadatendie in der Regel von der Digitalkamera oder dem verwendeten Scanner stammen. With the prospect of a weak opposition, the Conservatives might gain voters both from a Labour Party in turmoil and from UKIP — but the latter only if the Conservatives are expected to deliver a hard Brexit. Inhalte nur unter Verwendung von Lizenzbedingungen weitergeben, die mit denen dieses Lizenzvertrages identisch, vergleichbar oder kompatibel sind. In addition, if there was a fear that a strong Leave-oriented Conservative Party could lose the centre-ground voters, a good general election showing will prove them baseless. Whether this early general election call is predominantly driven by party interests or by a wish to control the more extreme Brexiteers is hard to say. The initial exit poll gave the first warning sign that the Conservative majority that May was seeking was likely to be non-existent and as the night progressed, the prospects of a hung parliament increased. Own work Ultimately based upon data from the Boundary Commission Scotland boundaries: Rather than the Brexiteers within the Conservative Party, this general election might well aim at weakening the opposition parties, a much more natural target. In consequence, the independence threat from Scotland might well be seen as having been contained. Die folgende Seite verwendet diese Datei: Is it to deliver Brexit in any way or might it be seen as a more narrow mandate to deliver Brexit along the red lines that have been set out? If she is contemplating the possibility of a breakdown in the talks, it would not only give her a strong hand to play at home, but it would also shift blame to Brussels, which would be portrayed as rejecting a reasonable compromise proposed by a leader with a strong domestic mandate. Past performance is no indicator for the current or future development. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Holding a general election now, with a large majority, would give the Prime Minister the ability to politically drive through Brexit, no matter what the economic consequences and regardless of whether there is a deal or not. Thank you for 1 fc köln gegen augsburg support. The following table summarises historic developments in extending the franchise in England and later the UK after Disabled voters can also request the Presiding Polska islandia in the polling station or bring along a family member to mark their ballot papers for them if they wish. Elections and referendums in the United Kingdom. Party System Change in Britain: The candidates in numbers". In local elections, councillors are elected forming the local administrations of the United Kingdom. We must now work to change it". Recriminations will not be entirely suspended. Official campaign Vote Leave. Senior Tories play blame game over election. Brooklyn kiel Assembly elections began inwhen it was online casino tablet. The United Kingdom general election was held on 7 May to elect members to the House of Commons. Labour also made paypal guthaben gratis changes to roulett spielregeln election administration underpinning schalke tabelle way that elections are run. A s the second woman Prime Brooklyn kiel, she could hardly claim to be breaking a glass ceiling.
uk election - for councilThis will buoy FTSE large caps with their foreign earnings but will be negatively translated into domestic earners as inflationary pressures will continue to build. Bildbreite px Bildhöhe px. Dieses Werk darf von dir verbreitet werden — vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden neu zusammengestellt werden — abgewandelt und bearbeitet werden Zu den folgenden Bedingungen: The views expressed in this Commentary are the sole responsibility of the author. Carrying out Brexfast might also take the wind out of the sails of the Scottish Nationals, strengthening the Union and the Conservative Party. Die folgende Seite verwendet diese Datei: Some commentators have argued that this will enable the Prime Minister to turn the UK away from the cliff edge; to avoid a hard Brexit at the end of the Article 50 period, when the UK would suddenly be outside the single market and the EU customs union. In her announcement of the early general election, Theresa May made this very clear:
Election uk - necessaryAnd the Scottish National Party will struggle to replicate its stunning electoral success in , when they gained 56 out of the 59 Scottish seats. In addition, if there was a fear that a strong Leave-oriented Conservative Party could lose the centre-ground voters, a good general election showing will prove them baseless. In addition, she would then have a rather lengthy time period before she would have to face the polls again, giving her time to deal with negative consequences, with the possible bonus of having killed off the drive for a second Scottish independence referendum. Equally, it would enable the Prime Minister to push through a fast Brexit, without a deal, with little possibility for the opposition to intervene or even slow down the process. It might be telling that they have been uncharacteristically quiet during this whole discussion on a softer Brexit transition process: We are not responsible for the content or availability of linked sites.
However AMs voted to hold the most recent election in to avoid a clash with the UK parliamentary general election in Northern Ireland Assembly elections occur every four years on the first Thursday in May.
They began in , when the assembly created by the Northern Ireland Act began its first session. STV was chosen as the electoral method to attempt to give adequate representation to the different sectarian groups in Northern Ireland.
Elections continued even when the assembly was suspended between and Elections to the European Parliament have taken place since , the first year in which the parliament was directly elected.
From to , members were elected by national parliaments. Since the election , Members of the European Parliament MEPs representing England, Scotland and Wales have been elected in regional constituencies using the party list , a closed list i.
The United Kingdom is divided into twelve electoral regions, which are the three smaller nations Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland , and nine Regions of England.
The use of proportional representation greatly increased the representation of minor parties. Until the election, the First Past the Post system was used, which had prevented parties with moderately large, but geographically spread out vote shares from receiving any seats.
The European Parliamentary Elections Act changed the system in time for the election. The European Parliamentary Elections Act increased the number to 87, adding five more seats in England and one more in Wales.
The number was reduced to 78 for the election , and to 72 for the election , but increased to 73 during the term of the parliament.
In local elections, councillors are elected forming the local administrations of the United Kingdom. A variety of voting systems are used for local elections.
In Northern Ireland and Scotland , the single transferable vote system is used, whilst in most of England and Wales the single member plurality system is used.
The only Region of England which has a directly elected administration is London. London Assembly elections began in , when it was created.
The Additional Member System is used for elections to the Assembly. The Mayor is elected via the Supplementary Vote system. Local elections are held in different parts of the country each year.
In general, local elections are held on the first Thursday in May. In , for the first time, local elections were held on the same day as European elections , and London Mayoral and Assembly elections.
Unlike general elections, for local elections there is no legal requirement as to when the count should begin after the close of poll. However, once the count has started, the returning officer must, so far as practicable, proceed continuously with the count between the hours of 9am and 7pm subject to refreshments.
From , England and Wales have voted for regional police and crime commissioners. In the Kingdom of England of which Wales was a full and equal member from , a few percent of the adult male population were able to vote in parliamentary elections that occurred at irregular intervals to the Parliament of England from The franchise for the Parliament of Scotland developed separately but, again, involving just a small proportion of the adult population.
The Bill of Rights in England and Claim of Right Act in Scotland established the principles of regular parliaments and free elections,  but no significant changes to the electoral franchise had taken place by the time the United Kingdom had come into being.
Similarly, the history of local government in England stretches over the same period with the election of town mayors and the development of town councils taking place since the Middle Ages.
Local government in Scotland and in Wales evolved separately. The system of universal suffrage did not exist in the United Kingdom until It abolished 56 rotten boroughs which had elected MPs and decreased the property qualification in boroughs.
It gave some parliamentary representation to the industrial towns MPs by redistributing some MPs from boroughs who had disproportional representation.
The electoral register was created. Although this was not a large increase, the Act was the first big step towards equal representation.
Between and a popular movement, Chartism , organised around six demands including universal male franchise and the secret ballot.
The Reform Act redistributed more MPs from boroughs which had disproportional representation 42 to London and industrial towns.
It decreased the property qualification in boroughs, so that all men with an address in boroughs could vote. For the first time some of the working class could vote and MPs had to take these new constituents into account.
Some political parties decided to become national parties. In local government elections, single women ratepayers received the right to vote in the Municipal Franchise Act This right was confirmed in the Local Government Act and extended to include some married women.
The Ballot Act replaced open elections with a secret ballot system. The Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act criminalised attempts to bribe voters and standardised the amount that could be spent on election expenses.
The Representation of the People Act expanded the electorate to include all men over the age of 21 and most women over the age of Later that year, the Parliament Qualification of Women Act gave women over 21 the right to stand for election as MPs.
The first woman to become an MP was Constance Markievicz in Nancy Astor , elected in , was the second woman to become an MP, and the first to sit in the Commons.
The Equal Franchise Act lowered the minimum age for women to vote from 30 to 21, making men and women equal in terms of suffrage for the first time.
The Representation of the People Act abolished additional votes for graduates university constituencies and the owners of business premises. The Representation of the People Act lowered the voting age from 21 to The Representation of the People Act gave British citizens abroad the right to vote for a five-year period after they had left the United Kingdom.
The Representation of the People Act extended the period to 20 years; and citizens who were too young to vote when they left the country also became eligible.
In the history of the electoral system there has been a clear bias. This bias has been known to the parties involved and has not been pleasing to all parties.
While the bias appears to be changing, the electoral system still holds a bias. The following table summarises historic developments in extending the franchise in England and later the UK after At each stage, it shows the percentage of the adult population entitled to vote and the voting age, separately for males and females.
Prior to , and the Labour Party government of Tony Blair , there were only three types of elections: Labour passed the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act , which created the Electoral Commission , which since has been responsible for the running of elections and referendums and to a limited extent regulating party funding.
It also reduced the period during which British expatriates can vote, from 20 years after they emigrate to In the Ministry of Justice delivered a report that failed to conclusively recommend any particular voting system as "best" and instead simply compared working practices used in the different elections.
The Minister of State for Justice, Ministry of Justice Michael Wills issued a statement following its publication stating that no action would be taken on the various reports that, since , have suggested a move towards proportional representation for the UK general election until reform of the House of Lords is completed.
Labour also made many changes to the election administration underpinning the way that elections are run. Changes included postal voting on demand, rolling registration and some innovative pilots such as internet voting  .
Some British parties and campaigners have long argued that the current First Past the Post system used for Parliamentary elections should be replaced with another system.
The introduction of proportional representation has been advocated for some time by the Liberal Democrats, and by some pressure groups such as Charter 88 , Unlock Democracy and the Electoral Reform Society.
In and independent commissions were formed to look into electoral reform. The national newspaper The Independent started a petition for the introduction of a more proportional system immediately after the election, under the title "Campaign For Democracy".
After the UK general election , the new coalition government agreed to hold a referendum on voting reform.
This took place on 5 May In , the non-profit venture Make Votes Matter was formed to campaign for proportional representation.
After its inaugural meeting on 29 November and until September , the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Electoral Reform was a cross-party group consisting of MPs who support electoral reform, chaired by Richard Burden and latterly Chuka Umunna.
Labour pledged in its manifesto for the general election to set up a commission on alternatives to the first-past-the-post system for general elections and to hold a referendum on whether to change the system.
The government had expected a recommendation which could have been implemented within the Parliament, and decided that it would be impractical to have a general election using First Past the Post FPTP after a referendum decision to adopt a different system, and therefore delayed the referendum until after the next general election.
Those elements within the Labour Party opposed to any change persuaded the party not to repeat the pledge for a referendum in the manifesto, and therefore none was held once the party was re-elected.
After the election, Lord Chancellor Lord Falconer said there was "no groundswell" for change, although a Cabinet committee was given the task of investigating reform.
John Prescott was appointed as Chair; given his known opposition to change, proponents were critical and dismissive of the move.
As mentioned above, in January the government produced a "desk-bound" review of the experience to date of new voting systems in the United Kingdom since Labour came to power in This review was non-committal as to the need for further reform, especially as regards reform of the voting system used in Parliamentary Elections.
Although the Conservative Party would have won significantly more seats in the election if some form of proportional representation had been used [ citation needed ] , some in the party [ who?
Electoral reform, towards a proportional model, was desired by the Liberal Democrat party, the Green party , and several other small parties.
As in many Western democracies, voter apathy is a current concern, after a dramatic decline in election turnout around the end of the 20th century.
At the referendum on Scottish independence in , turnout exceeded From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the most recent election, see United Kingdom general election, Joint Ministerial Committee Legislative consent motions Scotland.
Electoral registration in the United Kingdom. Postal voting in the United Kingdom. United Kingdom general elections overview. United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum, Who we are and what we do" PDF.
UK Electoral Statistics ". Can I register at both addresses? Registering to Vote" PDF. Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 28 June Retrieved 24 May From Votes To Seats: The Changing Party System.
Retrieved 19 September Party System Change in Britain: British Politics For Dummies 2nd ed. The Neglected Dimension of Electoral Systems.
European Consortium for Political Research. Voting at a polling place". Retrieved 8 June Polling station handbook" PDF. Handbook for polling station staff" PDF.
Retrieved 7 June The Electoral Office for Northern Ireland. Retrieved 1 February What are they, how accurate are the results and what time is the first one out on election night?
Good at Observing, Less Good at Influencing? Retrieved 18 May House of Commons Library. Retrieved 16 March Retrieved 11 February Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 2 November Electoral administration in the United Kingdom —".
Rules, Politics, and Policy. A real democracy needs a system of proportional representation independent.
Vote reform will boost turnout independent. UK rejects alternative vote". Retrieved 22 August Retrieved 1 May Elections and referendums in the United Kingdom.
By-elections in the United Kingdom. Scottish Parliament National Assembly for Wales European Parliament House of Commons of Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Assembly vacancies are filled by co-option Local government by-election results are generally given on the page for the last election in that area.
Economic Empire Maritime Military. Cabinet list Civil service Departments Prime Minister list. Countries of the United Kingdom.
Retrieved from " https: Elections in the United Kingdom. Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history.
Elections Parliamentary constituencies Political parties Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act Fixed-term Parliaments Act General Elections co-option —33 Jan—Feb Dec Feb Oct Next election Referendums Prime ministers used to be free to hold an election whenever they felt like it - but under the Fixed Term Parliaments Act, a general election is supposed to take place every five years on the first Thursday in May, which is why the next one was scheduled for May But an election can be called ahead of schedule for two reasons - if there is a vote of "no confidence" in the current government, or if MPs vote for an early election by a two-thirds majority.
Mrs May chose the second option, which was overwhelmingly backed by MPs, by votes to You have to go back to and Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson for the last example of a government holding an election after a short time in power to increase its number of MPs.
In , there were two elections eight months apart - but that was under different circumstances because no party won a majority in the Commons in the first one.
A general election means that the subsequent election is now due in But an election could be held at any time if two-thirds of MPs vote for it, as they did this time.
A future government could also decide to scrap the Fixed Term Parliaments Act - the Conservative manifesto includes plans to do so.
Parliament broke up on 3 May to allow just over a month of full-pelt campaigning ahead of 8 June. The Conservatives gained control of 11 councils and Labour lost seven, with UKIP losing the council seats it had been defending, and gaining just one.
In addition, six areas in England voted for newly-created "combined local authority mayors". The Conservatives won four mayoral races and Labour two.
The Manchester Gorton by-election, caused by the death of Labour MP Gerald Kaufman, had been due to take place on 4 May but will now be held at the same time as the general election on 8 June.
Britain is still on course to officially leave the European Union on Friday 29 March Negotiations with other EU nations are not due to start until June, meaning the election will probably be over and a new government in place before any serious talking gets under way in Brussels.
The Conservative Party says this is a "one-off chance to hold an election while the European Union agrees its negotiating position".
If Mrs May wins by a big margin in the UK, she will see it as a vote of confidence in her strategy for leaving the EU.
There are lots of opinion polls carried out in the run-up to a general election. Their methods vary but they usually survey the views of at least 1, people to find which political party is likely to get most votes.
A poll tracker amalgamates the results of several opinion polls to try to get as clear a picture as possible. The BBC tracker , for example, takes the results of the latest seven opinion polls, on a rolling basis, and works out the median middle rating for each party.
When you hear someone talking about one party having a poll lead over another - they are talking about the gap between the percentage ratings of the parties in the latest poll or set of polls.
The opinion polls were wrong about the general election and the industry has yet to fully fix the problems that caused those inaccuracies.
So they should be taken with a pinch of salt. Many Labour MPs have "safe" seats - they got thousands more votes than their nearest rivals in , meaning they could lose votes and still retain their place in the Commons.
The Conservatives have fewer "safe" seats than Labour. They pulled off their surprise general election victory by winning seats just where they needed them, such as in previously Liberal Democrat-held constituencies in the south-west of England.
The danger for Labour is that it piles up votes in seats it already holds - something that happened in - rather than in areas represented by rival parties.
This makes it harder for it to suffer large-scale losses, but it also makes it relatively harder for it to make big gains.
They were not due to be introduced until A public consultation is under way with final proposals set to be made in The main parties faced a race against time to get candidates in place and some streamlined their normal selection procedures, with more candidates chosen centrally.
Some 68 parties and independent candidates contribute to a total of 3, people standing for Parliament this year - a decrease of from Some of the big names stepping down include former Conservative chancellor George Osborne - who is now editing the London Evening Standard newspaper - and ex-party chairman Sir Eric Pickles.
The Green Party has one MP. Five MPs sit as independents. Politics selected Parliaments Brexit.